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WOMENS SPORTS HISTORY

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BASEBALL (1875)

Women's baseball is played in several countries. The strongest and most organized women's baseball leagues are in the United StatesAustraliaJapanTaiwanCubaHong Kong, and Canada[1]. Those countries have national governing bodies that support girls' and women's baseball programs. Other countries/regions that currently have organized women's baseball are FranceCroatia, the NetherlandsIndiaKoreaVenezuelaArgentinaPuerto RicoColombiaBrazil, the Dominican Republic, and Pakistan. There also is a handful of women playing baseball in Vietnamcurrently on the Fishanu team at Hanoi University and on the Hanoi Baseball Club.  Important events and milestones in women's baseball:

1875 — The first women's baseball game for which fans were charged and women players were paid was played between the Blondes and the Brunettes in Springfield, Illinois on 11 September.

1876 — The Resolutes, modeled after the Vassar College team, developed their own version of uniforms which included long-sleeved shirts with frilled high necklines, embroidered belts, wide floor-length skirts, high button shoes and broad striped caps. 

To continue reading...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_baseball

BASKETBALL (1892)

Women's basketball is one of the few[citation needed] women's sports that developed in tandem with its men's counterpart. It became popular, spreading from the east coast of the United States to the west coast, in large part via women's colleges. From 1895 until 1970, the term "women's basketball" was also used to refer to netball, which evolved in parallel with modern women's basketball.

Women's basketball began in the winter of 1892 at Smith College. Senda Berenson, an instructor at Smith, taught basketball to her students, hoping the activity would improve their physical health.[1] Basketball's early adherents were affiliated with YMCAs and colleges throughout the United States, and the game quickly spread throughout the country

To continue reading...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_basketball

FIELD HOCKEY (1887)

Women's field hockey was first played at British universities and schools. The first club, the Molesey Ladies, was founded in 1887.[16] The first national association was the Irish Ladies Hockey Union in 1894,[citation needed] and though rebuffed by the Hockey Association, women's field hockey grew rapidly around the world. This led to the International Federation of Women's Hockey Association (IFWHA) in 1927, though this did not include many continental European countries where women played as sections of men's associations and were affiliated to the FIH. The IFWHA held conferences every three years, and tournaments associated with these were the primary IFWHA competitions. These tournaments were non-competitive until 1975.

To continue reading...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field_hockey

HOCKEY (1891)

The first instances of organized women's ice hockey in Canada date back to the 1890s when it is played at the university level. The Women's Hockey Association claims that the city of Ottawa, Ontario hosted the first game in 1891. 
 
Ice hockey is one of the fastest growing women's sports in the world, with the number of participants increasing by 400 percent from 1995 to 2005.[63] In 2011, Canada had 85,827 women players,[64] United States had 65,609,[65] Finland 4,760,[66] Sweden 3,075[67] and Switzerland 1,172.[68] While there are not as many organized leagues for women as there are for men, there exist leagues of all levels, including the Canadian Women's Hockey League (CWHL), Western Women's Hockey LeagueNational Women's Hockey League (NWHL), Mid-Atlantic Women's Hockey League, and various European leagues; as well as university teams, national and Olympic teams, and recreational teams. 
 
 

LACROSSE (1890)

Lacrosse is a traditional Native American game which was first witnessed by Europeans when French Jesuit missionaries in the St. Lawrence Valley witnessed the game in the 1630s.[1][2] These games were sometimes major events that could last several days. As many as 100 to 1,000 men from opposing villages or tribes would participate.[3] Native American lacrosse describes a broad variety of stick and ball games played by the indigenous people.[4] Geography and tribal customs dictated the extent to which women participated in these early games.

"Lacrosse, as women play it, is an orderly pastime that has little in common with the men's tribal warfare version except the long-handled racket or crosse (stick) that gives the sport its name. It's true that the object in both the men's and women's lacrosse is to send a ball through a goal by means of the racket, but whereas men resort to brute strength the women depend solely on skill." Rosabelle Sinclair[5]

The first modern women's lacrosse game was played in 1890 at the St Leonards School in Scotland, where women's lacrosse had been introduced by Louisa Lumsden. Lumsden brought the game to Scotland after watching a men's lacrosse game between the Canghuwaya (probably Caughnawaga) Indians and the Montreal Lacrosse Club.[6] One of Lumsden's students, Rosabelle Sinclair, established the first women's lacrosse team in the United States at the Bryn Mawr School in Baltimore, Maryland in 1926.[7]

To continue reading...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_lacrosse 

SOCCER (1863)

Association football, the modern game, also has documented early involvement of women. In Europe, it is possible that 12th-century French women played football as part of that era's folk games. An annual competition in Mid-Lothian, Scotland during the 1790s is reported, too.[7][8] In 1863, football governing bodies introduced standardized rules to prohibit violence on the pitch, making it more socially acceptable for women to play.[9]

The most well-documented early European team was founded by activist Nettie Honeyball in England in 1894. It was named the British Ladies' Football Club. Honeyball and those like her paved the way for women's football. However the women's game was frowned upon by the British football associations, and continued without their support. It has been suggested that this was motivated by a perceived threat to the 'masculinity' of the game.[11]

To continue reading...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_association_football

SOFTBALL (1887)

Softball is a variant of baseball played with a larger ball (11 in. to 12 in. sized ball) on a smaller field. It was invented in 1887 in ChicagoIllinoisUnited States as an indoor game. It was at various times called indoor baseball, mush ball, playground, softball, kitten ball, and because it was also played by women, ladies' baseball. The name softball was given to the game in 1926, because the ball used to be soft.

To continue reading...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Softball

VOLLEYBALL (1896)

The sport originated in the United States, and is now just achieving the type of popularity in the U.S. that it has received on a global basis, where it ranks behind only soccer among participation sports.

Today there are more than 46 million Americans who play volleyball. There are 800 million players worldwide who play Volleyball at least once a week.

1895William G. Morgan, an instructor at the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) in Holyoke, Mass., decided to blend elements of basketball, baseball, tennis, and handball to create a game for his classes of businessmen which would demand less physical contact than basketball. He created the game of Volleyball (at that time called mintonette). Morgan borrowed the net from tennis, and raised it 6 feet 6 inches above the floor, just above the average man's head.

During a demonstration game, someone remarked to Morgan that the players seemed to be volleying the ball back and forth over the net, and perhaps "volleyball" would be a more descriptive name for the sport.

1896, July 7th -  at Springfield College the first game of "volleyball" was played.

To continue reading...http://volleyball.org/history.html